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  1. ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF
  2. ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

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Andishe Eslami 2 Pdf

ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF - download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet.

Gole It goes without saying that ordinary taxation such as tax on consumption purchase or unit tax brings about tax burden and social loss leaving adverse effects on income level, firm costs, and inflation leading to welfare reduction. As a technical term of economics, it means an amount of money received from individuals or legal persons by the state proportionate to their wealth, profit, income, or transactions [1]. According to some Muslim authors, Islamic taxation is so defined: A severe problem in taxation is the possibility of transfer of tax burden to other people rather than those originally charged with as a method of escape. Capitation such as zakat fitrah; 6. Therefore, the regulations concerning tax are so arranged that people exercise the feeling of detachment to worldly treasures. But this method has proved ineffective because the legal provisions for progressive increase of taxes have usually been neutralized by opportunities for evading tax payment distributed unevenly among tax payers leading to great horizontal inequality. It was customary for the Islamic state to give the latter three types of land to individuals for rent and receive an amount as kharaj. The amount payable is negotiable. The effect of eslsmi Islam imposes on saving is less negative than andizhe adverse effect of taxes on saving in secular systems. The fourth kind of land was the one either abandoned by owners without fighting or left to the Islamic state by them or left unattended because the owners had perished. This type of anishe belonged to the state. This transfer harms social justice because it amounts to the consumers being the ultimate tax payer. Taxes legislated in Islam can be divided into six groups from the second point of view [28]. In old days, taxation on agricultural production and capitation were the two more common forms of tax.

While secular systems spend much on collecting tax because of grand and complicated andisge organizations involved, the Islamic system of taxation enjoys the advantage of simplicity and economy.

ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

Classical economies resort to progressive tax increase in order to achieve faster adjustment andishhe income distribution. Combating stagnant capital and obstacles to economic creative activity is a factor present in the Islamic taxation andiehe.

Effective factors in the formation of Islamic taxation system [30] 1. It is the right of the Muslim government to level the tax on individuals or on their estates and production as the situation requires. These taxes are called state-imposed tax.

Tax must not leave adverse effects on economic activities for wealth production. The rent due to be paid was fixed through negotiation and varied depending on the fertility and the kind and level of production expected.

So, tax in Islam partly aims at anddishe the problem of poverty and preventing huge class gaps. Andisheh Esslami 2 Tax on consumption, when one consumes more than their average needs, they fslami pay one fifth of the price of the goods and services consumed as tax.

Sometimes, we classify them on the basis of the items liable to taxation. An instance of this kind is seen in tax on camel, cow, and sheep in some required minimum limits nisab. We can sum up these positive effects in the following respects: By paying zakat and khoms, they enhance these moral traits in their inner world.

Every individual in possession of these items is obliged to pay the tax with the intention to implement divine command [18]. In all these cases, there is a fixed amount due to be paid.

From the first point of view, they can be divided into the following four groups [26]: As anndishe revenue increases, the rate of tax decreases. In the Islamic taxation system, therefore, two mechanisms are deployed to block this escape; first, all taxes are direct so as to minimize the possibility of the transfer of tax burden; second, paying tax is not only a public obligation but also a religious duty. Zakat The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify.

These taxes are called state-imposed tax. While secular systems spend much on collecting tax because of grand and complicated bureaucratic zndishe involved, the Islamic system of taxation enjoys the advantage of simplicity and economy.

Financial fines religiously due as compensation for some sins one has committed and would like to repent from Kaffarat Mali and self-imposed obligations to give a gift or pay alms nudhurat are obligatory payments. Islam intends to provide an opportunity for every individual to realize sublime values in their life and to attain ethical perfection when they discharge their social duties such as tax payment.

Even at the times when Islamic state was not in place hence no sslami force was exercised on them, still they paid the tax due religiously.

As one withdraws his capital from investment, one gathers kanz. The rent due to be paid was fixed through negotiation and varied depending on the fertility and the kind and level of production expected. A small portion of the financial needs of the state is covered by this kind of taxation. But Islamic taxation pursues an additional end too.

Tax must not leave adverse effects on economic activities for wealth production. In some cases, the inhabitants of a region accepted Islamic call freely and willfully. By paying zakat and khoms, they enhance these moral traits in their inner world. Fixed tax includes zakat fitrah andiseh some cases of jezyah and kharaj.

ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

Fourteen centuries ago, Islam approved different forms of taxes common at the time so far as they did not violate values Islam cherished. Naturally, they do not personally involve in the process of redistribution of wealth and do not directly experience the positive results of their financial contribution to the betterment of life of the lower class society.

Most economic issues andiseh interwoven with matters pertinent to religious service and worship.

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In several Koran verses, zakat is mentioned after salat as two important religious services [10]. The differences between Islamic taxation and ordinary taxation [8] 1. As the revenue increases, the rate andishd tax decreases.

Since the advent of state, statesmen needed money to run the government. Consequently, tax payers personally see where their money is spent.

This way of escaping tax is easier and more common in indirect taxes.

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